Investigation of the rheology and strength of geopolymer mixtures for extrusion-based 3D printing

Panda, B., Unluer, C. and Tan, M. J. (2018) Investigation of the rheology and strength of geopolymer mixtures for extrusion-based 3D printing. Cement and Concrete Composites, 94, pp. 307-314. (doi: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2018.10.002)

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This study presents the development of fly ash-based geopolymer mixtures for 3D concrete printing. The influence of up to 10% ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) and silica fume (SF) inclusion within geopolymer blends cured under ambient conditions was investigated in terms of fresh and hardened properties. Evolution of yield stress and thixotropy of the mixtures at different resting times were evaluated. Mechanical performance of the 3D printed components was assessed via compressive strength measurements and compared with casted samples. SF demonstrated a significant influence on fresh properties (e.g. recovery of viscosity), whereas the use of GGBS led to higher early strength development within geopolymer systems. The feasibility of the 3D printing process, during which rheology was controlled, was evaluated by considering extrusion and shape retention parameters. The outcomes of this study led to the printing of a freeform 3D component, shedding light on the 3D printing of sustainable binder systems for various building components.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors would like to acknowledge Sembcorp Architects and Engineers Pte. Ltd. and National Research Foundation, Singapore for their funding and support in this research project.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Unluer, Dr Cise
Authors: Panda, B., Unluer, C., and Tan, M. J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Cement and Concrete Composites
ISSN (Online):1873-393X
Published Online:05 October 2018

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