Multiscale modeling of strength and failure behavior of carbon nanostructure reinforced epoxy composite adhesives in bonded systems

Upadhyaya, P., Kumar, S., Reddy, J. and Lacy Jr., T. E. (2020) Multiscale modeling of strength and failure behavior of carbon nanostructure reinforced epoxy composite adhesives in bonded systems. European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids, 80, 103932. (doi: 10.1016/j.euromechsol.2019.103932)

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Abstract

In this study, atomistic based continuum (ABC) multiscale modeling approach is presented for strength and failure prediction of carbon nanotube (CNT) reinforced epoxy composite adhesives in bonded systems. Assuming that the CNTs are uniformly dispersed in the epoxy matrix, the mechanical properties of the nanocomposite adhesive are determined utilizing a two-step sequential homogenization procedure. In the first step, effective mechanical properties of a nanoscale representative volume element (RVE) are determined. The RVE comprises a CNT embedded in the epoxy matrix separated by an interphase. The structure-property relationship at the nanoscale is captured through ABC modeling approach wherein a CNT is modeled as a space-frame structure with beam elements and the epoxy is modeled using solid elements. The interphase between the CNT and the epoxy is modeled using non-linear spring elements to account for non-bonded van-der Waals interactions. In the second step, CNT inclusions with random orientations in the matrix are considered to create a microscale RVE of the nanocomposite. In both the steps, different boundary conditions were applied on the RVEs, and finite element (FE) analyses were conducted to estimate the effective mechanical properties through numerical homogenization. Furthermore, the strength of CNT/epoxy composite is estimated using modified Kelly-Tyson theory. Finally, modeling scheme proposed here is utilized to assess the load carrying capacity and failure behavior of a single lap-joint (SLJ) comprising composite adherends and CNT/epoxy nanocomposite adhesive by conducting continuum scale FE analyses. Results show over 30% improvement in strength for the SLJ with CNT/epoxy bondlayer comprising 2 vol% CNT. The findings of the study indicate that both strength and damage tolerance of the bonded joints can be significantly optimized utilizing nanoreinforced bondlayer.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) under award number:EX2016-000010.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Kumar, Dr Shan
Authors: Upadhyaya, P., Kumar, S., Reddy, J., and Lacy Jr., T. E.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids
Publisher:Elsevier for European Mechanics Society (Euromech)
ISSN:0997-7538
ISSN (Online):1873-7285
Published Online:20 December 2019

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