The crises of Atlantic port cities 1880 to 1920

Konvitz, J. W. (1994) The crises of Atlantic port cities 1880 to 1920. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 36(2), pp. 293-318. (doi: 10.1017/S001041750001906X)

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The industrialization of shipping, a process which accelerated rapidly between the 1870s and 1910s, induced and accompanied dramatic changes in European and American port cities. Never before or since have so few cities on both sides of the Atlantic concentrated such a large proportion of the world's commerce. Thanks to the expansion of shipping, the great port cities of the Atlantic world acquired a significant manufacturing sector, including shipbuilding, and met the needs of their growing population for food and energy supplies. The reduction of freight rates and the expansion of shipping capacity and services brought considerable benefits to the urban economy. But the growth of shipping was also a factor in waves of migration, environmental and public health problems, traffic congestion, substandard housing, strikes, and conflict over strategies for development.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Konvitz, Professor Josef
Authors: Konvitz, J. W.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Education
Journal Name:Comparative Studies in Society and History
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN (Online):1475-2999

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