Vulnerability of the British swine industry to classical swine fever

Porphyre, T., Correia-Gomes, C., Chase-Topping, M. E., Gamado, K., Auty, H. K. , Hutchinson, I., Reeves, A., Gunn, G. J. and Woolhouse, M. E.J. (2017) Vulnerability of the British swine industry to classical swine fever. Scientific Reports, 7, 42992. (doi: 10.1038/srep42992) (PMID:28225040) (PMCID:PMC5320472)

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Abstract

Classical swine fever (CSF) is a notifiable, highly contagious viral disease of swine which results in severe welfare and economic consequences in affected countries. To improve preparedness, it is critical to have some understanding of how CSF would spread should it be introduced. Based on the data recorded during the 2000 epidemic of CSF in Great Britain (GB), a spatially explicit, premises-based model was developed to explore the risk of CSF spread in GB. We found that large outbreaks of CSF would be rare and generated from a limited number of areas in GB. Despite the consistently low vulnerability of the British swine industry to large CSF outbreaks, we identified concerns with respect to the role played by the non-commercial sector of the industry. The model further revealed how various epidemiological features may influence the spread of CSF in GB, highlighting the importance of between-farm biosecurity in preventing widespread dissemination of the virus. Knowledge of factors affecting the risk of spread are key components for surveillance planning and resource allocation, and this work provides a valuable stepping stone in guiding policy on CSF surveillance and control in GB.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the Centre of Expertise on Animal Disease Outbreaks (EPIC) funded by the Scottish Government (Programmes of Research 2011–2016 no. UEH/851/11). MECT was supported by a Wellcome Trust strategic award to the Centre for Immunity, Infection and Evolution (WT095831).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Auty, Harriet and Gunn, Prof George
Authors: Porphyre, T., Correia-Gomes, C., Chase-Topping, M. E., Gamado, K., Auty, H. K., Hutchinson, I., Reeves, A., Gunn, G. J., and Woolhouse, M. E.J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Scientific Reports
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2045-2322
ISSN (Online):2045-2322
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Scientific Reports 7: 42992
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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