Accelerating the reaction kinetics and improving the performance of Na2CO3-activated GGBS mixes

Dung, N.T., Hooper, T.J.N. and Unluer, C. (2019) Accelerating the reaction kinetics and improving the performance of Na2CO3-activated GGBS mixes. Cement and Concrete Research, 126, 105927. (doi: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2019.105927)

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This study aimed to accelerate the reaction kinetics and improve the performance of Na2CO3-activated ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) via the use of reactive MgO and hydromagnesite seeds. The effect of 3–10% MgO and 0.5–1% seeds on the reaction mechanisms of Na2CO3-activated pastes was evaluated by pH, isothermal calorimetry and setting time measurements. Compressive strength results were used to assess the mechanical performance of the Na2CO3-activated GGBS concrete. A thorough investigation involving XRD, TG-DTG, and 29Si and 27Al solid-state NMR was performed to investigate the evolution of different phases. The inclusion of MgO and seeds promoted the removal of CO32−, increasing the pH and accelerating the dissolution of GGBS. The improved reaction kinetics via the use of MgO and seeds led to samples with shortened setting times, increased hydration and enhanced performance (43 vs. 14 MPa at 28 days) when compared to the control sample.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Singapore MOE Academic Research Fund Tier 1 (RG 95/16) for the completion of this research project.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Unluer, Dr Cise
Authors: Dung, N.T., Hooper, T.J.N., and Unluer, C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Cement and Concrete Research
ISSN (Online):1873-3948
Published Online:24 October 2019

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