Degradation of carbonated reactive MgO-based concrete exposed to nitric acid

Muthu, M., Kumar, E.-H., Yang, C. and Unluer, C. (2020) Degradation of carbonated reactive MgO-based concrete exposed to nitric acid. Journal of CO2 Utilization, 36, pp. 210-219. (doi: 10.1016/j.jcou.2019.11.006)

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MgO cement (RMC)-based mixes are known to gain strength via carbonation. While the strength gain mechanism of RMC mixes has been studied, their durability under aggressive environments is relatively unknown. This study investigated the changes in the performance and microstructure of two concrete formulations, whose binder component was made up of RMC with and without 50 % FA substitution. These concrete specimens were initially carbonated for 28 days to gain strength, followed by immersion in 0.5 M nitric acid for 14 days. The degradation of both specimens was recorded in terms of changes in their strength, mass, composition and microstructure. The use of FA led to a lower hydration and subsequent carbonation due to the lower RMC content, thereby limiting initial strength development. While the leaching of Mg-based phases into the external solution was recorded, most hydrate and carbonate phases were still present after acid exposure. The ∼56 % reduction in strength experienced by both specimens was accompanied with the formation of micro cracks.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support from the Singapore MOE Academic Research Fund Tier 2 (MOE2017-T2-1-087 (S)) for the completion of this research project.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Unluer, Dr Cise
Authors: Muthu, M., Kumar, E.-H., Yang, C., and Unluer, C.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Journal of CO2 Utilization
ISSN (Online):2212-9839
Published Online:21 November 2019

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