Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy in a family of mixed breed dogs associated with a novel RETREG1 variant

Gutierrez Quintana, R. , Mellersh, C., Wessmann, A., Ortega, M., Penderis, J., Sharpe, S., Freeman, E., Stevenson, L. and Burmeister, L. (2021) Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy in a family of mixed breed dogs associated with a novel RETREG1 variant. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 35(5), pp. 2306-2314. (doi: 10.1111/jvim.16242) (PMID:34387380) (PMCID:PMC8478055)

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Abstract

Background: Hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathies (HSANs) are a group of genetic disorders affecting the peripheral nervous system. Two different associated variants have been identified in dogs: 1 in Border Collies and 1 in Spaniels and Pointers. Objectives: Clinically and genetically characterize HSAN in a family of mixed breed dogs. Animals: Five 7-month-old mixed breed dogs from 2 related litters were presented for evaluation of a 2-month history of acral mutilation and progressive pelvic limb gait abnormalities. Methods: Complete physical, neurological, electrodiagnostic, and histopathological evaluations were performed. Whole genome sequencing of 2 affected dogs (1 from each litter) was used to identify variants that were homozygous or heterozygous in both cases, but wild type in 217 control genomes of 100 breeds. Immunohistochemistry was used to assess protein expression. Results: Complete physical, neurological, electrodiagnostic, and histopathological evaluations confirmed a disorder affecting sensory and autonomic nerves. Whole genome sequencing identified a missense variant in the RETREG1 (reticulophagy regulator 1) gene (c.656C > T, p.P219L). All affected dogs were homozygous for the variant, which was not detected in 1193 dogs from different breeds. Immunohistochemistry showed no expression of RETREG1 in the cerebellum of affected dogs. One of the affected dogs lived for 5 years and showed gradual progression of the clinical signs. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: We confirmed the diagnosis of HSAN in a family of mixed breed dogs and identified a novel and possibly pathogenic RETREG1 variant. Affected dogs experienced gradual deterioration over several years.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Funding was provided by the University of Glasgow Small Animal Hospital Fund.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Penderis, Professor Jacques and Wessmann, Dr Annette and Gutierrez Quintana, Mr Rodrigo and Stevenson, Mrs Lynn
Authors: Gutierrez Quintana, R., Mellersh, C., Wessmann, A., Ortega, M., Penderis, J., Sharpe, S., Freeman, E., Stevenson, L., and Burmeister, L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0891-6640
ISSN (Online):1939-1676
Published Online:13 August 2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2021 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine 35(5): 2306-2314
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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