Investigation of radiosensitivity gene signatures in cancer cell lines

Gires, O. et al. (2014) Investigation of radiosensitivity gene signatures in cancer cell lines. PLoS ONE, 9, e86329. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0086329) (PMID:24466029) (PMCID:PMC3899227)

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Intrinsic radiosensitivity is an important factor underlying radiotherapy response, but there is no method for its routine assessment in human tumours. Gene signatures are currently being derived and some were previously generated by expression profiling the NCI-60 cell line panel. It was hypothesised that focusing on more homogeneous tumour types would be a better approach. Two cell line cohorts were used derived from cervix [n = 16] and head and neck [n = 11] cancers. Radiosensitivity was measured as surviving fraction following irradiation with 2 Gy (SF2) by clonogenic assay. Differential gene expression between radiosensitive and radioresistant cell lines (SF2</> median) was investigated using Affymetrix GeneChip Exon 1.0ST (cervix) or U133A Plus2 (head and neck) arrays. There were differences within cell line cohorts relating to tissue of origin reflected by expression of the stratified epithelial marker p63. Of 138 genes identified as being associated with SF2, only 2 (1.4%) were congruent between the cervix and head and neck carcinoma cell lines (MGST1 and TFPI), and these did not partition the published NCI-60 cell lines based on SF2. There was variable success in applying three published radiosensitivity signatures to our cohorts. One gene signature, originally trained on the NCI-60 cell lines, did partially separate sensitive and resistant cell lines in all three cell line datasets. The findings do not confirm our hypothesis but suggest that a common transcriptional signature can reflect the radiosensitivity of tumours of heterogeneous origins.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Miller, Professor Crispin
Authors: Gires, O., Hall, J. S., Iype, R., Senra, J., Taylor, J., Armenoult, L., Oguejiofor, K., Li, Y., Stratford, I., Stern, P. L., O’Connor, M. J., Miller, C. J., and West, C. M. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 Hall et al.
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 9:e86329
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons Licence

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