Non-proportional hazards in network meta-analysis: efficient strategies for model building and analysis

Wiksten, A., Hawkins, N. , Piepho, H.-P. and Gsteiger, S. (2020) Non-proportional hazards in network meta-analysis: efficient strategies for model building and analysis. Value in Health, 23(7), pp. 918-927. (doi: 10.1016/j.jval.2020.03.010) (PMID:32762994)

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Objectives: To develop efficient approaches for fitting network meta-analysis (NMA) models with time-varying hazard ratios (such as fractional polynomials and piecewise constant models) to allow practitioners to investigate a broad range of models rapidly and to achieve a more robust and comprehensive model selection strategy. Methods: We reformulated the fractional polynomial and piecewise constant NMA models using analysis of variance–like parameterization. With this approach, both models are expressed as generalized linear models (GLMs) with time-varying covariates. Such models can be fitted efficiently with standard frequentist techniques. We applied our approach to the example data from the study by Jansen et al, in which fractional polynomial NMA models were introduced. Results: Fitting frequentist fixed-effect NMAs for a large initial set of candidate models took less than 1 second with standard GLM routines. This allowed for model selection from a large range of hazard ratio structures by comparing a set of criteria including Akaike information criterion/Bayesian information criterion, visual inspection of goodness-of-fit, and long-term extrapolations. The “best” models were then refitted in a Bayesian framework. Estimates agreed very closely. Conclusions: NMA models with time-varying hazard ratios can be explored efficiently with a stepwise approach. A frequentist fixed-effect framework enables rapid exploration of different models. The best model can then be assessed further in a Bayesian framework to capture and propagate uncertainty for decision-making.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hawkins, Professor Neil
Authors: Wiksten, A., Hawkins, N., Piepho, H.-P., and Gsteiger, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Health Economics and Health Technology Assessment
Journal Name:Value in Health
ISSN (Online):1524-4733
Published Online:19 July 2020

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