Molecular analysis of circulating tumor cells identifies distinct copy-number profiles in patients with chemosensitive and chemorefractory small-cell lung cancer

Carter, L. et al. (2017) Molecular analysis of circulating tumor cells identifies distinct copy-number profiles in patients with chemosensitive and chemorefractory small-cell lung cancer. Nature Medicine, 23(1), pp. 114-119. (doi: 10.1038/nm.4239) (PMID:27869802)

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Abstract

In most patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC)—a metastatic, aggressive disease—the condition is initially chemosensitive but then relapses with acquired chemoresistance. In a minority of patients, however, relapse occurs within 3 months of initial treatment; in these cases, disease is defined as chemorefractory. The molecular mechanisms that differentiate chemosensitive from chemorefractory disease are currently unknown. To identify genetic features that distinguish chemosensitive from chemorefractory disease, we examined copy-number aberrations (CNAs) in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from pretreatment SCLC blood samples. After analysis of 88 CTCs isolated from 13 patients (training set), we generated a CNA-based classifier that we validated in 18 additional patients (testing set, 112 CTC samples) and in six SCLC patient-derived CTC explant tumors1. The classifier correctly assigned 83.3% of the cases as chemorefractory or chemosensitive. Furthermore, a significant difference was observed in progression-free survival (PFS) (Kaplan–Meier P value = 0.0166) between patients designated as chemorefractory or chemosensitive by using the baseline CNA classifier. Notably, CTC CNA profiles obtained at relapse from five patients with initially chemosensitive disease did not switch to a chemorefractory CNA profile, which suggests that the genetic basis for initial chemoresistance differs from that underlying acquired chemoresistance.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Miller, Professor Crispin
Authors: Carter, L., Rothwell, D. G., Mesquita, B., Smowton, C., Leong, H. S., Fernandez-Gutierrez, F., Li, Y., Burt, D. J., Antonello, J., Morrow, C. J., Hodgkinson, C. L., Morris, K., Priest, L., Carter, M., Miller, C., Hughes, A., Blackhall, F., Dive, C., and Brady, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Nature Medicine
Publisher:Nature Research
ISSN:1078-8956
ISSN (Online):1546-170X
Published Online:21 November 2016

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