Staphylococcus aureus fibronectin binding proteins are essential for internalization by osteoblasts but do not account for differences in intracellular levels of bacteria

Ahmed, S., Meghji, S., Williams, R.J., Henderson, B., Brock, J.H. and Nair, S.P. (2001) Staphylococcus aureus fibronectin binding proteins are essential for internalization by osteoblasts but do not account for differences in intracellular levels of bacteria. Infection and Immunity, 69, pp. 2872-2877. (doi:10.1128/IAI.69.5.2872-2877.2001)

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Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen of bone that has been shown to be internalized by osteoblasts via a receptor-mediated pathway. Here we report that there are strain-dependent differences in the uptake of S. aureus by osteoblasts. An S. aureus septic arthritis isolate, LS-1, was internalized some 10-fold more than the laboratory strain 8325-4. Disruption of the genes for the fibronectin binding proteins in these two strains of S. aureus blocked their ability to be internalized by osteoblasts, thereby demonstrating the essentiality of these genes in this process. However, there were no differences in the capacity of these two strains to bind to fibronectin or osteoblasts. Analysis of the kinetics of internalization of the two strains by osteoblasts revealed that strain 8325-4 was internalized only over a short period of time (2 h) and to low numbers, while LS-1 was taken up by osteoblasts in large numbers for over 3 h. These differences in the kinetics of uptake explain the fact that the two strains ofS. aureus are internalized by osteoblasts to different extents and suggest that in addition to the fibronectin binding proteins there are other, as yet undetermined virulence factors that play a role in the internalization process.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Brock, Dr Jeremy
Authors: Ahmed, S., Meghji, S., Williams, R.J., Henderson, B., Brock, J.H., and Nair, S.P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:Infection and Immunity
Journal Abbr.:IAI
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0019-9567
ISSN (Online):1098-5522

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