Capecitabine (Xeloda (R)) in combination with oxaliplatin: a phase I, dose-escalation study in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors

Diaz-Rubio, E., Evans, T. , Tabernero, J., Cassidy, J., Sastre, J., Eatock, M., Bisset, D., Regueiro, P. and Baselga, J. (2002) Capecitabine (Xeloda (R)) in combination with oxaliplatin: a phase I, dose-escalation study in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors. Annals of Oncology, 13(4), pp. 558-565. (doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdf065)

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Abstract

Objectives: This phase I, dose-escalation study was conducted to determine the recommended dose of intermittent oral capecitabine in combination with a fixed dose of i.v. oxaliplatin. Secondary objectives included evaluation of the safety profile and antitumor activity. Patients and methods: Twenty-three patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors received a 21-day regimen of oral capecitabine (500, 825, 1000 or 1250 mg/m(2) twice daily days 1-14) in combination with oxaliplatin (130 mg/m(2), 2-h i.v. infusion, day 1). Dose-limiting toxicities were determined during the first treatment cycle. and safety and efficacy were evaluated throughout treatment. Results: The recommended dosing schedule is oral capecitabine 1000 mg/m(2) twice daily (days 1-14) with i.v. oxaliplatin 130 mg/m(2) (day 1) in a 21-day treatment cycle. The principal dose-limiting toxicity was diarrhea. The most frequent treatment-related adverse events occurring during the study were gastrointestinal (nausea/vomiting, diarrhea) and neurological (dysesthesia, paresthesia). The majority, of treatment-related adverse events were mild to moderate in intensity, and no grade 4 adverse events occur-red in the 15 patients treated at or below the recommended dose. The most common grade 3/4 laboratory abnormalities were lymphocytopenia (52% of patients), thrombocytopenia (22%; grade 3 only). neutropenia (17%) and hyperbilirubinemia (17%). Among patient., treated at or below the recommended dose level (n = 15). only two patients experienced grade 3 neutropenia and no patients experienced grade 4 neutropenia. Partial tumor responses occurred in six patients (26%), including five of nine patients (55%) with colorectal cancer. All responding patients were pretreated with 5-fluorouracil and four responders had received prior irinotecan. Conclusions: Oral capecitabine with i.v. oxaliplatin is a feasible combination regimen that shows promising antitumor activity in patients with colorectal cancer. There is an ongoing. phase II study to further characterize the safety and efficacy of this combination as first-line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer, using the recommended dose identified in this study.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cassidy, Professor James and Evans, Professor Jeff
Authors: Diaz-Rubio, E., Evans, T., Tabernero, J., Cassidy, J., Sastre, J., Eatock, M., Bisset, D., Regueiro, P., and Baselga, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Annals of Oncology
ISSN:0923-7534

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