The association between clinical parameters recorded at vet gates during Fédération Equestre International endurance rides and the imminent risk of elimination

Bennet, E. D. , Hayes, M. E., Friend, L. and Parkin, T. D.H. (2020) The association between clinical parameters recorded at vet gates during Fédération Equestre International endurance rides and the imminent risk of elimination. Equine Veterinary Journal, 52(6), pp. 832-840. (doi: 10.1111/evj.13264) (PMID:32219883)

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Abstract

Background: Endurance competitions over distances of 80 to 160 km are required by Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI) rules to be divided into between three and six stages, known as “loops”. Veterinary inspections, designed to ensure horse welfare, are conducted at the end of each loop, with details recorded on a separate “vet card” for each horse. Objectives: To identify risk factors recorded on vet cards that were associated with elimination at subsequent loops. Study design: Retrospective cohort study. Methods: Data relating to 3,213 horse starts worldwide in international (CEI) events during 2014 were analysed. Descriptive statistics and univariable logistic regression to identify risk factors for potential inclusion in the final multivariable logistic regression models. Models were constructed stepwise using backwards‐removal and assessed using the Bayesian information criterion. Results: Risk factors were identified, which would allow an “in‐ride” risk profile to be constructed for each horse which evolves as the horse progresses through the ride. Some risk factors such as abnormal gait and high heart rate were found to be repeatedly associated with imminent failure to qualify. Main limitations: This is a relatively small study in terms of cohort size, based on the data that were available at the time of the study. Although comprehensive ride history data were also available for each horse via the main FEI database, training data was not. Conclusions: By identifying risk factors observed during the veterinary inspections at the end of a loop that are strongly associated with elimination at the end of the next or subsequent loops, these results provide an evidence‐base for educational initiatives and regulatory changes that will inform the way veterinary delegates use veterinary inspections to help identify horses at risk of imminent FTQ.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research was funded by the Federation Equestre Internationale (FEI).
Keywords:Equine, general medicine.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Parkin, Prof Timothy and Bennet, Dr Euan
Authors: Bennet, E. D., Hayes, M. E., Friend, L., and Parkin, T. D.H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Equine Veterinary Journal
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0425-1644
ISSN (Online):2042-3306
Published Online:27 March 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 EVJ Ltd
First Published:First published in Equine Veterinary Journal 52(6): 832-840
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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