Classifying shape of internal pores within AlSi10Mg alloy manufactured by laser powder bed fusion using 3D X-ray micro computed tomography: influence of processing parameters and heat treatment

Hastie, J. C., Kartal, M. E., Carter, L. N., Attallah, M. M. and Mulvihill, D. (2020) Classifying shape of internal pores within AlSi10Mg alloy manufactured by laser powder bed fusion using 3D X-ray micro computed tomography: influence of processing parameters and heat treatment. Materials Characterization, 163, 110225. (doi: 10.1016/j.matchar.2020.110225)

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Abstract

Internal porosity of metallic parts manufactured by laser powder bed fusion (LPBF) is governed by processing parameters including laser power, scanning speed, scan spacing and layer thickness. To fully understand the influence of processing parameters it is important to categorise the shape of process defects (pores) in 3D beyond the degree of sphericity alone. In the present paper, AlSi10Mg samples were manufactured using 30 unique LPBF parameter combinations and analysed using high resolution X-ray micro computed tomography (XμCT). The shapes of individual pores are classified and studied using an approach based on the similarity of 3D pore descriptors with simplified artificial objects. Porosity within high as-fabricated densification builds can be reduced to virtually negligible by hot isostatic pressing (HIPping), which was found to fully or partially close (flatten) pores. Subsequent T6 treatment causes pores to reopen and resemble their original shape. The effects of treatment are sensitive to pore size.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mulvihill, Dr Daniel
Authors: Hastie, J. C., Kartal, M. E., Carter, L. N., Attallah, M. M., and Mulvihill, D.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Materials Characterization
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1044-5803
ISSN (Online):1044-5803
Published Online:28 February 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Materials Characterization 163:110225
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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