Aerobic exercise reduces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and increases contractility, Ca2+ sensitivity and SERCA-2 in rat after myocardial infarction

Wisloff, U., Loennechen, J., Currie, S., Smith, G. and Ellingsen, O. (2002) Aerobic exercise reduces cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and increases contractility, Ca2+ sensitivity and SERCA-2 in rat after myocardial infarction. Cardiovascular Research, 54(1), pp. 162-174. (doi:10.1016/S0008-6363(01)00565-X)

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Abstract

Objective: Although it is generally accepted that endurance training improves cardiac function after myocardial infarction the sub-cellular mechanisms are uncertain. The present study reports the effects of aerobic endurance training on myocardial mass, myocyte dimensions, contractile function, Ca2+ handling, and myofilament responsiveness to Ca2+ in cardiomyocytes from healthy and failing rat hearts. Methods: Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats ran on a treadmill 1.5 h/day, 5 days a week for 8 weeks, Exercise intervals alternated between 8 min at 85-90% of V-O2max and 2 min at 50-60%. Training started 4 weeks after ligation of the left coronary artery (TR-INF, n = 11) or sham operation (TR-SHAM, n = 6). Sedentary animals (SED-SHAM, n = 6; SED-INF, n = 13) were controls. Results: After 6 weeks V-O2max in TR-INF and TR-SHAM leveled off 65% above sedentary controls. In TR-SHAM, left and right ventricle weights were similar to25% higher an in SED-SHAM, myocytes were similar to13% longer; width remained unchanged. At physiological stimulation frequencies, relative myocyte shortening was markedly higher whereas peak systolic [Ca2+] and t(1/2) of Ca2+ transient decay were 10-20% lower, indicating higher Ca2+ sensitivity in cardiomyocytes from trained rats. compared to respective controls, In TR-INF the left and right ventricular weights, and myocyte length and width were 15, 23, 12, and 20% less than in SED-INF. Endurance training significantly increased the myocardial SR Ca2+ pump (SERCA-2) and sarcolemmal Na+-Ca2+-exchanger (NCX) protein levels to the extent that TR-INF did not differ from SED-SHAM. Conclusion: This is the first study to show that aerobic endurance training attenuates the ventricular and cellular hypertrophy in failing hearts. Furthermore, training consistently restores contractile function, intracellular Ca2+ handling, and Ca2+-sensitivity in cardiomyocytes from rats with myocardial infarction.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Smith, Professor Godfrey
Authors: Wisloff, U., Loennechen, J., Currie, S., Smith, G., and Ellingsen, O.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:Cardiovascular Research
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0008-6363

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