The relative influence of intellectual disabilities and autism on sensory impairments and physical disability: a whole‐country cohort of 5.3 million children and adults

Kinnear, D. , Rydzewska, E. , Dunn, K., Hughes-McCormack, L., Melville, C. , Henderson, A. and Cooper, S.-A. (2020) The relative influence of intellectual disabilities and autism on sensory impairments and physical disability: a whole‐country cohort of 5.3 million children and adults. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 33(5), pp. 1059-1068. (doi: 10.1111/jar.12728) (PMID:32187783)

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Abstract

Background: Intellectual disabilities and autism are lifelong and often co‐occur. Little is known on their extent of independent association with sensory impairments and physical disability. Methods: For Scotland's population, logistic regressions investigated age–gender‐adjusted odds ratios (OR) of associations, independently, of intellectual disabilities and autism with sensory impairments and physical disability. Results: 1,548,819 children/youth, and 3,746,584 adults. In children/youth, the effect size of intellectual disabilities and autism, respectively, was as follows: blindness (OR = 30.12; OR = 2.63), deafness (OR = 13.98; OR = 2.31), and physical disability (OR = 43.72; OR = 5.62). For adults, the effect size of intellectual disabilities and autism, respectively, was as follows: blindness (OR = 16.89; OR = 3.29), deafness (OR = 7.47; OR = 2.36), and physical disability (OR = 6.04; OR = 3.16). Conclusions: Intellectual disabilities have greater association with the population burden of sensory impairments/physical disability, but autism is also associated regardless of overlap with intellectual disabilities. These may impact further on communication limitations due to autism and intellectual disabilities, increasing complexity of assessments/management of other health conditions. Clinicians need to be aware of these important issues.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hughes-Mccormack, Mrs Laura and Rydzewska, Dr Ewelina and Henderson, Mrs Angela and Dunn, Mrs Kirsty and Kinnear, Dr Deborah and Cooper, Professor Sally-Ann and Melville, Professor Craig
Authors: Kinnear, D., Rydzewska, E., Dunn, K., Hughes-McCormack, L., Melville, C., Henderson, A., and Cooper, S.-A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1360-2322
ISSN (Online):1468-3148
Published Online:18 March 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 33(5): 1059-1068
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
302957Mental Health Data PathfinderDaniel SmithMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_PC_17217HW - Mental Health and Wellbeing