Agriculture driven nitrogen wet deposition in a karst catchment in southwest China

Zeng, J., Yue, F.-J. , Li, S.-L., Wang, Z.-J., Qin, C.-Q., Wu, Q.-X. and Xu, S. (2020) Agriculture driven nitrogen wet deposition in a karst catchment in southwest China. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 294, 106883. (doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2020.106883)

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Nitrogen (N) deposition plays a key role in ecosystem function as one of the major N sources for natural vegetation, particularly in karst agricultural areas with thin soil cover, which drive the karst N fate via rainwater. To understand the seasonal and spatial variation in nitrogen deposition and to identify the major sources of nitrate in wet deposition in a karst agricultural area (Houzhai Catchment) in southwestern China, two sites with different land use were selected to assess wet and dry deposition for one year. Houzhai village (HZV) is an area highly influenced by agriculture, whereas Muzhu reservoir (MZR) is a more pristine environment with less anthropogenic influence. Nitrogenous species and dual nitrate isotopes were analyzed. The results showed that agriculture-derived NH4 + was the major contributor of annual total wet N deposition (> 55 %). The contribution of NH4 + to wet N deposition was 1.63 times higher than that of NO3 − and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON). The annual nitrogen deposition in this study was approximately twice as much as the average wet N deposition over China, while lower dry N deposition relative to other Chinese monitoring sites was observed. The δ15N-NO3 − showed a seasonal trend of negative summer values and positive winter values, which were primarily controlled by the variations in NOx emission sources. Seasonal variation in δ18O-NO3 − was mainly controlled by NOx oxidation pathways and showed a similar trend to δ15N-NO3 −. The contributions from four endmembers (coal combustion, vehicle exhaust, biomass burning, and soil emission) were calculated using a stable isotope mixing model. Contributions show a clear seasonal variation (except vehicle exhaust), with the four sources accounting for 20.0 %, 25.6 %, 22.9 % and 31.5 % respectively (annual mean probability estimate, AMPE) at HZV, and 19.0 %, 27.8 %, 23.2 % and 30.0 % (AMPE) at MZR. Isotopic evidence determined agricultural soil emission is a major contributor to rainwater during the summer growing season, which can significantly impact the agricultural ecosystems

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China [grant number 41571130072, 41925002]; the National Key R and D Program of China [grant number 2016YFA0601002]; the UK Natural Environment Research Council [grant number NE/N007395/1]; and the Independent Innovative Foundation of Tianjin University [grant number 2019XZS-0016].
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Xu, Dr Sheng and Yue, Dr Fu-Jun
Authors: Zeng, J., Yue, F.-J., Li, S.-L., Wang, Z.-J., Qin, C.-Q., Wu, Q.-X., and Xu, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
ISSN (Online):1873-2305
Published Online:25 February 2020

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