Adiponectin predicts insulin resistance but not endothelial function in young, healthy adolescents

Singhal, A., Jamieson, N.B., Fewtrell, M., Deanfield, J., Lucas, A. and Sattar, N. (2005) Adiponectin predicts insulin resistance but not endothelial function in young, healthy adolescents. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 90(8), pp. 4615-4621. (doi:10.1210/jc.2005-0131)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1210/jc.2005-0131

Abstract

Background: Adiponectin, an adipocyte-derived hormone found in lower concentration with greater adiposity, is suggested to reduce the risk of insulin resistance, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular disease. We tested this hypothesis in a healthy, nonobese population.

Methods and Results: Brachial artery flow-mediated endothelial-dependent vasodilation and distensibility, measures of vascular function relevant to the early atherosclerotic process, were determined in 294 adolescents (aged 13–16 yr) using high-resolution vascular ultrasound. Fasting insulin concentration and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance were used to estimate insulin resistance. Fat mass was measured by bioelectric impedance analysis; fasting serum adiponectin concentration by RIA; and lipid profile, fasting insulin, glucose, and C-reactive protein concentrations using standard laboratory techniques. Adiponectin concentration was associated with insulin resistance independent of potential confounding factors (e.g. −1.3% change in fasting insulin concentration per 10% increase in adiponectin concentration; 95% confidence interval, −2.4% to −0.1%; P = 0.03), but not with flow-mediated endothelial-dependent vasodilation or arterial distensibility.

Conclusions: Lower adiponectin concentration was associated with lower insulin sensitivity in a healthy, nonobese population. Our study supports the hypothesis that adiponectin benefits insulin sensitivity from a young age but, in contrast to experimental models and data from older subjects, does not affect vascular changes associated with early atherosclerosis.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jamieson, Dr Nigel and Sattar, Professor Naveed
Authors: Singhal, A., Jamieson, N.B., Fewtrell, M., Deanfield, J., Lucas, A., and Sattar, N.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
ISSN:0021-972X
ISSN (Online):1945-7197

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