An in vitro stimulation of the effects of chewing sugar-free and sugar-containing chewing gums on pH changes in dental plaque

Macpherson, L.M.D. and Dawes, C. (1993) An in vitro stimulation of the effects of chewing sugar-free and sugar-containing chewing gums on pH changes in dental plaque. Journal of Dental Research, 72(10), pp. 1391-1397. (doi: 10.1177/00220345930720100801) (PMID:8408881)

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Abstract

The objective of these studies was to simulate the effect of chewing sugar-free and sucrose-containing chewing gums on the return of the pH to neutrality after exposure to sucrose of plaque located on the buccal (BLM) and lingual (LLM) surfaces of the lower molar teeth. In study 1, a 0.5-mm-deep artificial plaque containing Streptococcus oralis cells was exposed to 10% sucrose for one min, and a 0.1-mm-thick film of sucrose-free artificial saliva was then flowed over the plaque surface at the unstimulated salivary film velocities previously found at the BLM and LLM sites. At the time of the pH minimum (pH 4-5), one of three conditions was simulated: (a) a no-gum-chewing control, or chewing for 20 min on either (b) a sugar-free gum or (c) a sucrose-containing gum. The recovery of the plaque pH to resting values was rapid during simulation of chewing a sugar-free gum (SFG), much slower with the no-gum control, and even slower with simulation of chewing a sucrose-containing gum (SCG). The pH recovery was slower with the BLM than the LLM plaque. In study 2, the BLM plaque was exposed to a 2% sucrose solution for 20 min under stimulated salivary conditions, to simulate the consumption of a meal, followed by one of conditions (a), (b), or (c) described above. The pH recovery with simulation of chewing a SCG was faster than with the no-gum control, but much slower than with the SFG simulation.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Macpherson, Professor Lorna
Authors: Macpherson, L.M.D., and Dawes, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Journal of Dental Research
Publisher:SAGE
ISSN:0022-0345
ISSN (Online):1544-0591

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