Rheumatoid arthritis: from bench to bedside

McInnes, I. B. (2001) Rheumatoid arthritis: from bench to bedside. Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, 27, pp. 373-387. (doi:10.1016/S0889-857X(05)70207-6) (PMID:11396098)

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Abstract

In the last decade, basic science has unraveled in considerable detail the inflammatory and related processes ongoing in RA synovial membrane. This has translated to cytokine targeting therapies with some effect. How much more can be achieved ? It may be argued that the order of improvement obtained thus far obviates further study. This ignores the potential to achieve a far greater magnitude of disease suppression. Our objective in innovating biologic therapies should now be routine achievement of American College of Rheumatology "70% responses" or disease remission and design of patient-specific therapy based on individual disease characteristics. We have not yet explored the potential contained in combination biologic approaches, particularly when different processes within the disease are targeted. Cocktails might target T cells, cytokines, and angiogenic factors, for example. These developments must also be seen in the context of the information soon to be available from the Human Genome Project. The impact of gene array analysis and similar techniques that facilitate simultaneous evaluation of thousands of gene activation events is also awaited. This, in turn, is likely to require considerable development in our use of information technology, because the volume of information will soon (or may already) be prohibitive. Finally, encompassing genomic and bioinformatic approaches should certainly challenge our basic diagnostic criteria such that it ultimately may be necessary to consider our clinical diagnoses on the basis not only of clinical phenotype but of genotype and biologic response profile. Through this rapid evolution, close communication between physician and scientist is essential.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McInnes, Professor Iain
Authors: McInnes, I. B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America

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