Optimal medical, rehabilitation and behavioral management in the setting of failed back surgery syndrome

Desai, M.J., Nava, A., Rigoard, P., Shah, B. and Taylor, R. S. (2015) Optimal medical, rehabilitation and behavioral management in the setting of failed back surgery syndrome. Neurochirurgie, 61, S66-S76. (doi: 10.1016/j.neuchi.2014.09.002) (PMID:25456441)

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Abstract

Introduction: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) constitutes a constellation of symptoms grouped together and attributed to prior surgical intervention. Clinicians often poorly understand the heterogeneity of this condition combined with the etiological factors responsible for its development. Therefore, it would follow that an algorithmic treatment approach to patients diagnosed with this syndrome might pose challenges. The clinical work-up of the patient involves history, examination and appropriate diagnostic imaging as well as behavioral assessment. Materials and methods: We sought to conduct a narrative review of the available literature focused on the medical, rehabilitative and behavioral treatment of FBSS. To that end, we conducted a literature search using PubMed (through March 2013). We focused on studies published over the last 20 years. Only English language articles were included. Search terms included “failed back surgery syndrome”, “FBSS”, “failed back syndrome”, and “post-laminectomy syndrome”. Studies included in our review focused on randomized controlled trials (RCTs), prospective cohort studies, and case series (retrospective and prospective). Studies were organized by intervention (e.g. medical management, physical therapy and rehabilitation, and psychosocial) and presented to emphasize the quality of evidence (e.g. RCTs, prospective studies, etc.). Conclusion: Overall, the literature provides very limited guidance on the comprehensive management of patients suffering from FBSS. There are rehabilitative interventions and behavioral protocols that demonstrate promise. Pathways based on medication management remain difficult to clearly define.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Taylor, Professor Rod
Authors: Desai, M.J., Nava, A., Rigoard, P., Shah, B., and Taylor, R. S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:Neurochirurgie
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0028-3770
ISSN (Online):1773-0619
Published Online:22 November 2014

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