The socio-communicative development of preterm infants is resistant to the negative effects of parity on maternal responsiveness

Caldas, I. F.R., Garotti, M. F., Shiramizu, V. K.M. and Pereira, A. (2018) The socio-communicative development of preterm infants is resistant to the negative effects of parity on maternal responsiveness. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 43. (doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00043) (PMID:29456516) (PMCID:PMC5801293)

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Abstract

Humans are born completely dependent on adult care for survival. To get the necessary support, newborns rely on socio-communicative abilities which have both innate and learned components. Maternal responsiveness (MR), as a critical aspect of mother-infant interaction, is a robust predictor of the acquisition of socio-communicative abilities. However, maternal responsiveness (MR) is influenced by parity, since mothers rely on a limited capacity of cognitive control for efficient attachment with their offspring. This fact is of particular concern for preterms, whose developing brain already faces many challenges due to their premature emergence from the womb's controlled environment and may still have to compete with siblings for mother's attention. Thus, in the present work, we aimed to understand how parity interferes with MR and whether it affects the development of socio-communicative abilities of preterm infants. We used the Social Interaction Rating Scale (SIRS) and the mother-child observation protocol in 18 dyads with gestational age <36 weeks. Dyads were separated into three groups: primiparous with twin pregnancy (TPM), primiparous (PM), and multiparous (MP). Dyadic behavior was evaluated at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. Our results show that offspring size affects MR, but not the socio-communicative development of preterm infants during the first year, suggesting a level of resilience of brain systems supporting the attachment to caregivers.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research was funded by grants from the Brazilian National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shiramizu, Dr Victor
Authors: Caldas, I. F.R., Garotti, M. F., Shiramizu, V. K.M., and Pereira, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
Journal Name:Frontiers in Psychology
Publisher:Frontiers Media
ISSN:1664-1078
ISSN (Online):1664-1078
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Caldas, Garotti, Shiramizu and Pereira
First Published:First published in Frontiers in Psychology 9: 43
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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