A novel technique for retrospective genetic analysis of the response to vaccination or infection using cell-free DNA from archived sheep serum and plasma

Hanks, E., Todd, H., Palarea-Albaladejo, J., Mcneilly, T. N., Britton, C. and Ballingall, K. T. (2020) A novel technique for retrospective genetic analysis of the response to vaccination or infection using cell-free DNA from archived sheep serum and plasma. Veterinary Research, 51(1), 9. (doi: 10.1186/s13567-020-0737-9) (PMID:32024546) (PMCID:PMC7003321)

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Abstract

Genetic variation is associated with differences in disease resistance and susceptibility among individuals within a population. To date, molecular genetic analyses of host responses have relied on extraction of genomic DNA from whole blood or tissue samples. However, such samples are not routinely collected during large-scale field studies. We demonstrate that cell-free genomic DNA (cfDNA) may be extracted and amplified from archived plasma samples, allowing retrospective analysis of host genetic diversity. This technique was also applicable to archived serum samples up to 35 years old and to different ruminant species. As proof of concept, we used this cfDNA approach to genotype the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II DRB1 locus of 224 Merino sheep which had participated in field trials of a commercial Haemonchus contortus vaccine, Barbervax®, in Australia. This identified a total of 51 different DRB1 alleles and their relative frequencies. This is the first study to examine host MHC diversity using DNA extracted from archived plasma samples, an approach that may be applied to retrospective analyses of genetic diversity and responses to vaccination or infection across different species and populations.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Acknowledgements Funders: Moredun Foundation and University of Glasgow Industrial Partner‑ ship Ph.D. studentship. TNM, HT, KTB, JPA are supported by the Scottish Government’s Rural and Environment Science and Analytical Services (RESAS) Strategic Research Programme 2016–2021.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hanks, Eve and Mcneilly, Dr Tom and Britton, Dr Collette
Authors: Hanks, E., Todd, H., Palarea-Albaladejo, J., Mcneilly, T. N., Britton, C., and Ballingall, K. T.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Veterinary Research
Publisher:BMC
ISSN:1297-9716
ISSN (Online):1297-9716
Published Online:05 February 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 The Authors
First Published:First published in Veterinary Research 51(1):9
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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