Physicochemical consequences of the perdeuteriation of glutathione S-transferase from S. japonicum

Brockwell, D., Yu, L., Cooper, S., McCleland, S., Cooper, A., Attwood, D., Gaskell, S.J. and Barber, J. (2001) Physicochemical consequences of the perdeuteriation of glutathione S-transferase from S. japonicum. Protein Science, 10(3), pp. 572-580. (doi:10.1110/ps.46001)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1110/ps.46001

Abstract

Glutathione S-transferase (GST) from Schistosoma japonicum has been prepared in both normal protiated (pGST) and fully deuteriated (dGST) form by recombinant DNA technology, Electrospray mass spectrometry showed that the level of deuteriation in dGST was 96% and was homogeneous across the sample. This result is attributed to the use of a deuterium- tolerant host Escherichia coli strain in the preparation of the protein. 10 heteroatom-bound deuteriums tin addition to the carbon-bound deuteriums) were resistant to exchange when dGST was incubated in protiated buffer. The physicochemical and biological properties of the two proteins were compared. dGST was relatively less stable to heat denaturation and to proteolytic cleavage than was pGST. The midpoint transition temperature fur pGST was 54.9 degreesC, whereas that for dGST was 51.0 degreesC. Static light-scattering measurements revealed that the association behavior of dGST is also different from that of pGST. The perdeuteriated enzyme shows a tendency to associate into dimers of the fundamental dimer. This is in contrast with results that have been obtained for other perdeuteriated proteins in which perdeuteriation has been shown to promote dissociation of aggregates. dGST showed a similar K, to pGST; similar results had been obtained previously with bacterial alkaline phosphatase. However, whereas the alkaline phosphatase showed a reduced rate of catalysis on deuteriation, dGST exhibited a slightly higher rate of catalysis than pGST. It is clear that the bulk substitution of deuterium for protium has significant effects on the properties of proteins. Until many more examples have been studied, it will be difficult to predict these effects for any given protein. Nevertheless, deuteriation represents an intriguing method of preparing functional analogs of recombinant proteins.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cooper, Professor Alan
Authors: Brockwell, D., Yu, L., Cooper, S., McCleland, S., Cooper, A., Attwood, D., Gaskell, S.J., and Barber, J.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Protein Science
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0961-8368
ISSN (Online):1469-896X
Published Online:31 December 2008

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