Prediction of delamination growth in carbon/epoxy composites using a novel acoustic emission-based approach

Mohammadi, R., Saeedifar, M., Toudeshky, H. H., Najafabadi, M. A. and Fotouhi, M. (2015) Prediction of delamination growth in carbon/epoxy composites using a novel acoustic emission-based approach. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 34(11), pp. 868-878. (doi:10.1177/0731684415583166)

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Abstract

Delamination is the most common failure mode in laminated composites and it leads to loss of structural strength and stiffness. In this paper, acoustic emission monitoring was applied on the carbon/epoxy laminated composites when subjected to mode I, mode II, and mixed-mode I and II loading conditions. The main objective is to investigate delamination behavior and to predict propagation curve of the delamination in different GII/GT modal ratio values by the acoustic emission. First, a combination of acoustic emission and mechanical data (sentry function) is used to characterize the propagation stage of the delamination. Next, the crack tip location during propagation of the delamination in the specimens is identified using two methods. In the first method, by determining the velocity of the acoustic emission waves in the specimens, the position of the crack tip can be estimated throughout the tests. In the second method, the cumulative energy of the acoustic emission signals is utilized for localization of the crack tip. Agreement between the predicted crack length and the actual crack length verifies the presented procedures. It can be concluded from the results that the acoustic emission method is a powerful approach to investigate the delamination behavior and to estimate the crack tip position in the composites.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Fotouhi, Dr Mohammad
Authors: Mohammadi, R., Saeedifar, M., Toudeshky, H. H., Najafabadi, M. A., and Fotouhi, M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Aerospace Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN:0731-6844
ISSN (Online):1530-7964
Published Online:20 April 2015

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