Factors influencing equine gut microbiota: current knowledge

Garber, A. , Hastie, P. and Murray, J.-A. (2020) Factors influencing equine gut microbiota: current knowledge. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 88, 102943. (doi: 10.1016/j.jevs.2020.102943)

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Abstract

Gastrointestinal microbiota play a crucial role in nutrient digestion, maintaining animal health and welfare. Various factors may affect microbial balance often leading to disturbances that may result in debilitating conditions such as colic and laminitis. The invention of next generation sequencing technologies and bioinformatics has provided valuable information on the effects of factors influencing equine gut microbiota. Among those factors are nutrition and management (e.g. diet, supplements, exercise), medical substances (e.g. antimicrobials, anthelmintics, anaesthetics), animal-related factors (breed and age), various pathological conditions (colitis, diarrhoea, colic, laminitis, equine gastric ulcer syndrome) as well as stress-related factors (transportation and weaning). The aim of this review is to assimilate current knowledge on equine microbiome studies, focusing on the effect of factors influencing equine gastrointestinal microbiota. Decrease in microbial diversity and richness leading to decrease in stability; decrease in Lachnospiraceae and Ruminococcaceae family members, which contribute to gut homeostasis; increase in Lactobacillus and Streptococcus; decrease in lactic acid utilising bacteria; decrease in butyrate-producing bacteria that have anti-inflammatory properties may all be considered as a negative change in equine gut microbiota. Shifts in Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes have often been observed in the literature in response to certain treatments or when describing healthy and unhealthy animals; however, these shifts are inconsistent. It is time to move forward and use the knowledge now acquired to start manipulating the microbiota of horses.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hastie, Dr Peter and Garber, Dr Anna and Murray, Professor Jo-Anne
Creator Roles:
Garber, A.Conceptualization, Writing – original draft
Hastie, P.Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
Murray, J.-A.Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review and editing
Authors: Garber, A., Hastie, P., and Murray, J.-A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Journal of Equine Veterinary Science
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0737-0806
ISSN (Online):1542-7412
Published Online:31 January 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
First Published:First published in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 88:102943
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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