Plant controls on Late Quaternary whole ecosystem structure and function

Jeffers, E. S. et al. (2018) Plant controls on Late Quaternary whole ecosystem structure and function. Ecology Letters, 21(6), pp. 814-825. (doi: 10.1111/ele.12944)

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Abstract

Plants and animals influence biomass production and nutrient cycling in terrestrial ecosystems; however, their relative importance remains unclear. We assessed the extent to which mega‐herbivore species controlled plant community composition and nutrient cycling, relative to other factors during and after the Late Quaternary extinction event in Britain and Ireland, when two‐thirds of the region's mega‐herbivore species went extinct. Warmer temperatures, plant–soil and plant–plant interactions, and reduced burning contributed to the expansion of woody plants and declining nitrogen availability in our five study ecosystems. Shrub biomass was consistently one of the strongest predictors of ecosystem change, equalling or exceeding the effects of other biotic and abiotic factors. In contrast, there was relatively little evidence for mega‐herbivore control on plant community composition and nitrogen availability. The ability of plants to determine the fate of terrestrial ecosystems during periods of global environmental change may therefore be greater than previously thought.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Whitehouse, Dr Nicki
Authors: Jeffers, E. S., Whitehouse, N. J., Lister, A., Plunkett, G., Barratt, P., Smyth, E., Lamb, P., Dee, M. W., Brooks, S. J., Willis, K. J., Froyd, C. A., Watson, J. E., Bonsall, M. B., and Williams, J.
College/School:College of Arts > School of Humanities > Archaeology
Journal Name:Ecology Letters
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1461-023X
ISSN (Online):1461-0248
Published Online:30 March 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 John Wiley and Sons Ltd/CNRS
First Published:First published in Ecology Letters 21(6): 814-825
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy
Data DOI:10.5061/dryad.845n3f6

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