Complex nature of apparently balanced chromosomal rearrangements in patients with autism spectrum disorder

Tabet, A.-C. et al. (2015) Complex nature of apparently balanced chromosomal rearrangements in patients with autism spectrum disorder. Molecular Autism, 6, 19. (doi: 10.1186/s13229-015-0015-2) (PMID:25844147) (PMCID:PMC4384291)

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Abstract

Background: Apparently balanced chromosomal rearrangements can be associated with an abnormal phenotype, including intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Genome-wide microarrays reveal cryptic genomic imbalances, related or not to the breakpoints, in 25% to 50% of patients with an abnormal phenotype carrying a microscopically balanced chromosomal rearrangement. Here we performed microarray analysis of 18 patients with ASD carrying balanced chromosomal abnormalities to identify submicroscopic imbalances implicated in abnormal neurodevelopment. Methods: Eighteen patients with ASD carrying apparently balanced chromosomal abnormalities were screened using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays. Nine rearrangements were de novo, seven inherited, and two of unknown inheritance. Genomic imbalances were confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization and quantitative PCR. Results: We detected clinically significant de novo copy number variants in four patients (22%), including three with de novo rearrangements and one with an inherited abnormality. The sizes ranged from 3.3 to 4.9 Mb; three were related to the breakpoint regions and one occurred elsewhere. We report a patient with a duplication of the Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome critical region, contributing to the delineation of this rare genomic disorder. The patient has a chromosome 4p inverted duplication deletion, with a 0.5 Mb deletion of terminal 4p and a 4.2 Mb duplication of 4p16.2p16.3. The other cases included an apparently balanced de novo translocation t(5;18)(q12;p11.2) with a 4.2 Mb deletion at the 18p breakpoint, a subject with de novo pericentric inversion inv(11)(p14q23.2) in whom the array revealed a de novo 4.9 Mb deletion in 7q21.3q22.1, and a patient with a maternal inv(2)(q14.2q37.3) with a de novo 3.3 Mb terminal 2q deletion and a 4.2 Mb duplication at the proximal breakpoint. In addition, we identified a rare de novo deletion of unknown significance on a chromosome unrelated to the initial rearrangement, disrupting a single gene, RFX3. Conclusions: These findings underscore the utility of SNP arrays for investigating apparently balanced chromosomal abnormalities in subjects with ASD or related neurodevelopmental disorders in both clinical and research settings.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This research was supported by Fondation de France, INSERM, and Institut de France. MP and ED were supported by a PhD fellowship from the French Ministry of Research. This study makes use of data generated by the DECIPHER Consortium, funded by the Wellcome Trust.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gillberg, Professor Christopher
Authors: Tabet, A.-C., Verloes, A., Pilorge, M., Delaby, E., Delorme, R., Nygren, G., Devillard, F., Gérard, M., Passemard, S., Héron, D., Siffroi, J.-P., Jacquette, A., Delahaye, A., Perrin, L., Dupont, C., Aboura, A., Bitoun, P., Coleman, M., Leboyer, M., Gillberg, C., Benzacken, B., and Betancur, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Molecular Autism
Publisher:BMC
ISSN:2040-2392
ISSN (Online):2040-2392
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 Tabet et al.
First Published:First published in Molecular Autism 6:19
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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