Measuring poverty efficiently using adaptive deprivation scales

Bailey, N. (2020) Measuring poverty efficiently using adaptive deprivation scales. Social Indicators Research, 149, pp. 891-910. (doi: 10.1007/s11205-020-02283-1)

[img] Text
208846.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.



Deprivation scales are becoming increasingly familiar in research and official statistics on poverty. Taking advantage of the basis of these scales in Item Response Theory, this paper proposes a more efficient approach to implementation using adaptive testing. This maximises information collected for a given amount of survey time by screening respondents on the basis of initial answers, and halting questioning where it is very unlikely any further information will be gathered. The paper illustrates various implementations using data from eight years of the UK’s Family Resources Survey (FRS). Results show that an adaptive approach collects more than 99% of the information from the UK’s official deprivation measure in half the survey time. In addition, the paper suggests improvements in the design of the UK’s official deprivation scale as well as lessons for the development of future deprivation scales more generally.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bailey, Professor Nick
Authors: Bailey, N.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Social Indicators Research
ISSN (Online):1573-0921
Published Online:31 January 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © The Authors 2020
First Published:First published in Social Indicators Research 149:891–910
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record

Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
163737Poverty and Social Exclusion in the United Kingdom: the 2010 SurveyES/G035784/1 (PI Prof David Gordon)Nick BaileyEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/G035784/1S&PS - Urban Studies