Cost-effectiveness of automated external defibrillators in public places: con

Pell, J., Walker, A. and Cobbe, S. (2007) Cost-effectiveness of automated external defibrillators in public places: con. Current Opinion in Cardiology, 22(1), pp. 5-10. (doi:10.1097/HCO.0b013e3280118fec)

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Abstract

Purpose of review To discuss the clinical effectiveness, public health impact and cost-effectiveness of public access defibrillation. Recent findings High rates of survival from prehospital ventricular fibrillation have been documented in patients treated by first responders using automated external defibrillators. The recent Public Access Defibrillation trial demonstrated a doubling of cardiac arrest survival in community units where volunteers trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation were additionally equipped with automated external defibrillators. The cost-effectiveness analysis of the Public Access Defibrillation trial has not yet been published, and previous analyses have lacked full data on cost, outcome, or both. Data from many sources indicate that automated external defibrillator placement at sites with an expected rate of one cardiac arrest per defibrillator per 5 years, as recommended by the American Heart Association, addresses only around 1-2% of prehospital arrests, and will have a minimal impact on population survival. Summary While highly targeted provision of automated external defibrillators in areas of greatest risk, such as casinos and airports, may be cost-effective, it will have little impact at a population level. Provision of more widespread public access defibrillation to sites with lower incidence of cardiac arrest is unlikely to be cost-effective, and may represent poorer value for money than alternative healthcare interventions in coronary artery disease.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Walker, Dr Andrew and Pell, Professor Jill and Cobbe, Professor Stuart
Authors: Pell, J., Walker, A., and Cobbe, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Centre for Population and Health Sciences
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Journal Name:Current Opinion in Cardiology
ISSN:0268-4705

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