Attention deficits in children with combined autism and ADHD

Lundervold, A. J., Stickert, M., Hysing, M., Sørensen, L., Gillberg, C. and Posserud, M.-B. (2012) Attention deficits in children with combined autism and ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders, 20(7), pp. 599-609. (doi: 10.1177/1087054712453168) (PMID:22940852)

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate characteristics of attention in children with the combination of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and ADHD. Method: Four groups of 8- to 10-year-old children were compared on the Conners’ Continuous Performance Test–Second Edition (CCPT-II): (a) ASD + ADHD (n = 11), (b) ASD only (n = 9), (c) ADHD only (n = 38), and (d) no diagnosis (n = 134). Results: There was an overall effect of group on the Continuous Performance Test (CPT) index and measures of hit reaction time, accuracy, response style, variability, and consistency. The ASD + ADHD group, much like the ADHD only group, had a more risky response style, a higher variability, and a lower consistency than the ASD only group. The impact of intellectual function on CCPT-II performance was considerable in children within the ASD subgroups. Conclusion: The findings underscore the importance of including measures of attention and intellectual function when assessing children with the combination of ASD and ADHD.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Uni Research, the University of Bergen, the Norwegian Directorate for Health and Social Affairs, the Western Norway Regional Health Authority, and the Research Council of Norway.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gillberg, Professor Christopher
Authors: Lundervold, A. J., Stickert, M., Hysing, M., Sørensen, L., Gillberg, C., and Posserud, M.-B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Journal of Attention Disorders
Publisher:SAGE
ISSN:1087-0547
ISSN (Online):1557-1246

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