Voice-DISC identified DSM-IV disorders among 15-year-olds in the west of Scotland

West, P., Sweeting, H. , Der, G. , Barton, J. and Lucas, C. (2003) Voice-DISC identified DSM-IV disorders among 15-year-olds in the west of Scotland. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(8), pp. 941-949. (doi:10.1097/01.CHI.0000046907.27264.E4)

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Abstract

Objective: To report prevalence estimates of psychiatric disorder among Scottish adolescents using a self-administered computerized (Voice) version of the DISC.

Method: A total of 1,860 15-year-olds (67%), participating in a school-based survey of health and lifestyles, completed selected modules of the Voice-DISC, producing DSM-IV diagnoses of (specific) anxiety disorders, eating disorders, depressive/dysthymic disorder, behavior disorders, and substance abuse/dependence.

Results: Overall prevalence of any psychiatric diagnosis, including substance abuse/dependence, was 31%, reducing to 15% with strict impairment criteria. Anxiety disorders were more common in females, behavior disorders (except attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) in males. Comorbidity within major diagnostic categories was considerable; that between categories was lower, although high comorbidity between conduct disorder and substance abuse/dependence was found.

Conclusions: Prevalence estimates are similar to those reported in other studies, although methodological problems limit comparisons. Of particular interest are the similar or higher rates of behavior disorders, especially conduct disorders, to those in studies involving multiple informants.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Der, Mr Geoffrey and West, Prof Patrick and Sweeting, Dr Helen
Authors: West, P., Sweeting, H., Der, G., Barton, J., and Lucas, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0890-8567
ISSN (Online):1527-5418
Published Online:31 October 2009
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