Denture stomatitis: causes, cures and prevention

Hannah, V. E., O'Donnell, L., Robertson, D. and Ramage, G. (2017) Denture stomatitis: causes, cures and prevention. Primary Dental Journal, 6(4), pp. 46-51. (doi: 10.1308/205016817822230175) (PMID:29258641)

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Publisher's URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1308/205016817822230175

Abstract

Removable dentures are worn by 20% of the UK population and two thirds of these individuals have denture stomatitis. Poor oral hygiene is commonplace among this group, as is smoking and xerostomia, which also contribute to the development of denture stomatitis. A complex polymicrobial biofilm is able to proliferate on the surface of denture materials and matures to form visible denture plaque. This denture plaque biofilm stimulates a local inflammatory process that is detectable clinically as erythema, and hyperplasia. Systemically, denture plaque represents a potential risk factor for systemic disease, in particular aspiration pneumonia. Respiratory pathogens have been detected in the denture plaque and overnight denture wear has been linked to an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia. There is a general lack of evidence on the adequate management of denture stomatitis and we present a protocol for use in the primary care setting.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ramage, Professor Gordon and Harper, Dr Victoria and Robertson, Mr Douglas and O'Donnell, Dr Lindsay
Authors: Hannah, V. E., O'Donnell, L., Robertson, D., and Ramage, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Primary Dental Journal
Publisher:Faculty of General Dental Practice (UK)
ISSN:2050-1684
ISSN (Online):2050-1692
Published Online:01 December 2017

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