Relating resting-state fMRI and EEG whole-brain connectomes across frequency bands

Deligianni, F. , Centeno, M., Carmichael, D. W. and Clayden, J. D. (2014) Relating resting-state fMRI and EEG whole-brain connectomes across frequency bands. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 8, 258. (doi:10.3389/fnins.2014.00258) (PMID:25221467) (PMCID:PMC4148011)

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Abstract

Whole brain functional connectomes hold promise for understanding human brain activity across a range of cognitive, developmental and pathological states. So called resting-state (rs) functional MRI studies have contributed to the brain being considered at a macroscopic scale as a set of interacting regions. Interactions are defined as correlation-based signal measurements driven by blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) contrast. Understanding the neurophysiological basis of these measurements is important in conveying useful information about brain function. Local coupling between BOLD fMRI and neurophysiological measurements is relatively well defined, with evidence that gamma (range) frequency EEG signals are the closest correlate of BOLD fMRI changes during cognitive processing. However, it is less clear how whole-brain network interactions relate during rest where lower frequency signals have been suggested to play a key role. Simultaneous EEG-fMRI offers the opportunity to observe brain network dynamics with high spatio-temporal resolution. We utilize these measurements to compare the connectomes derived from rs-fMRI and EEG band limited power (BLP). Merging this multi-modal information requires the development of an appropriate statistical framework. We relate the covariance matrices of the Hilbert envelope of the source localized EEG signal across bands to the covariance matrices derived from rs-fMRI with the means of statistical prediction based on sparse Canonical Correlation Analysis (sCCA). Subsequently, we identify the most prominent connections that contribute to this relationship. We compare whole-brain functional connectomes based on their geodesic distance to reliably estimate the performance of the prediction. The performance of predicting fMRI from EEG connectomes is considerably better than predicting EEG from fMRI across all bands, whereas the connectomes derived in low frequency EEG bands resemble best rs-fMRI connectivity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Deligianni, Dr Fani
Authors: Deligianni, F., Centeno, M., Carmichael, D. W., and Clayden, J. D.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Computing Science
Journal Name:Frontiers in Neuroscience
Publisher:Frontiers Media
ISSN:1662-4548
ISSN (Online):1662-453X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 Deligianni, Centeno, Carmichael and Clayden
First Published:First published in Frontiers in Neuroscience 8: 258
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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