Role of hydrogen bonding in the interaction between a xylan binding module and xylan

Xie, H.F., Bolam, D.N., Nagy, T., Szabo, L., Cooper, A., Simpson, P.J., Lakey, J.H., Williamson, M.P. and Gilbert, H.J. (2001) Role of hydrogen bonding in the interaction between a xylan binding module and xylan. Biochemistry, 40(19), pp. 5700-5707. (doi:10.1021/bi010034z)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bi010034z

Abstract

NMR studies of the internal family 2b carbohydrate binding module (CBM2b-1) of Cellulomonas fimi xylanase 11A have identified six polar residues and two aromatic residues that interact with its target ligand, xylan. To investigate the importance of the various interactions, free energy and enthalpy changes have been measured for the binding of xylan to native and mutant forms of CBM2b-1. The data show that the two aromatic residues, Trp 259 and Trp 291, play a critical role in the binding, and similarly that mutants N264A and T316A have no affinity for the xylose polymer. Interestingly, mutations E257A, Q288A, N292A, E257A/Q288A, E257A/N292A, and E257A/N292A/Q288A do not significantly diminish the affinity of CBM2b-1 for the xylose polymers, but do influence the thermodynamics driving the protein-carbohydrate interactions. These thermodynamic parameters have been interpreted in light of a fresh understanding of enthalpy-entropy compensation and show the following. (1) For proteins whose ligands are bound on an exposed surface, hydrogen bonding confers little specificity or affinity. It also displays little cooperativity, Most specificity and affinity derive from binding between the face of sugar rings and aromatic rings. (2) Loss of hydrogen bonding interactions leads to a redistribution of the remaining bonding interactions such that the entropic mobility of the ligand is maximized, at the expense (if necessary) of enthalpically favorable bonds. (3) Changes in entropy and enthalpy in the binding between polysaccharide and a range of mutants can be interpreted by considering changes in binding and flexibility, without any need to consider solvent reorganization.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cooper, Professor Alan
Authors: Xie, H.F., Bolam, D.N., Nagy, T., Szabo, L., Cooper, A., Simpson, P.J., Lakey, J.H., Williamson, M.P., and Gilbert, H.J.
Subjects:Q Science > QH Natural history > QH345 Biochemistry
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Biochemistry
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0006-2960
ISSN (Online):1520-4995
Published Online:18 April 2001

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