Development of a new screening tool for neuromotor development in children aged two – the neuromotor 5 min exam 2-year-old version (N5E2)

Aoki, S. et al. (2018) Development of a new screening tool for neuromotor development in children aged two – the neuromotor 5 min exam 2-year-old version (N5E2). Brain and Development, 40(6), pp. 445-451. (doi:10.1016/j.braindev.2018.01.012) (PMID:29477800)

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Abstract

Objective: As a new screening tool for neuromotor development in children aged two, we developed the Neuromotor 5 min Exam 2-year-old version (N5E2), which can be easily administered by pediatricians or primary care physicians. In this study, as an initial attempt to examine the utility of the N5E2, the inter-rater reliability on scoring for the individual items in this scale was assessed. Methods: The participants of the study were 29 children (aged 1–5 years, mean age = 2.79) diagnosed with a variety of neuromotor/developmental disorders/high-risk conditions. Inter-rater reliability was examined on the following 11 items in the N5E2: (1) Retrieving a rolling ball, (2) Gait, (3) Toe-walking, (4) Asymmetries of posture and/or movement, (5) Age at unsupported walking, (6) Speaking in two-word understandable sentences, (7) Hypotonus, (8) Hypertonus, (9) Eye movement, (10) Vision problem, (11) Hearing problem. The items were administered to children by two pediatricians with different expertise and clinical experience, separately. Results: The results showed that among the eleven items in the N5E2 examined, a high level of agreement (κ ≥ 0.60) was found on 4 items, and a moderate level of agreement (0.40 ≤ κ < 0.60) was found on 5 items. The level of agreement somewhat improved after the dichotomization of the score; using this format, a high level of rater agreement (κ ≥ 0.60) was found on 6 out of 11 items. The analyses also revealed high inter-rater reliability on the sum score of the 11 items (r = 0.84). Conclusions: The results suggest the possibility that this brief screening tool could be feasible in settings where clinicians’ experience varies, based on its inter-rater reliability on individual items between the clinicians with different expertise and amount of clinical experiences.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study is a part of the project related to the Japan Environment and Children’s Study (JECS) that is conducted and funded by the Ministry of Environment of Japan.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gillberg, Professor Christopher
Authors: Aoki, S., Hashimoto, K., Mezawa, H., Hatakenaka, Y., Yasumitsu-Lovell, K., Suganuma, N., Ohya, Y., Wilson, P., Fernell, E., Kamio, Y., and Gillberg, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Brain and Development
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0387-7604
ISSN (Online):0387-7604
Published Online:21 February 2018

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