Children screening positive for language delay at 2.5 years: language disorder and developmental profiles

Schachinger-Lorentzon, U., Kadesjö, B., Gillberg, C. and Miniscalco, C. (2018) Children screening positive for language delay at 2.5 years: language disorder and developmental profiles. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 14, pp. 3267-3277. (doi: 10.2147/NDT.S179055) (PMID:30568449) (PMCID:PMC6276636)

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Abstract

Purpose: To characterize language disorder and developmental profiles in children who screened positive for language delay but negative for autism at 2.5 years of age. Patients and methods: The first 100 children who screened positive for language delay – but negative for autism – in 2016 were assessed in detail by speech language pathologists. Parents completed a newly developed questionnaire covering eight domains – Motor, Executive functions, Perception, Memory, Language, Learning, Social skills and Child’s behaviour – with impairment scored for each domain. Results: ICD-10 language disorder diagnoses were made in 87/100 children (29 girls, 58 boys). Of 52 children with mixed receptive–expressive language disorder, 32% had problems in other developmental areas according to the “global rating” in the impairment questions of the questionnaire. Of the 35 with expressive language disorder, 21% had problems in other areas according to the impairment questions. Thirteen children had isolated language delay with no other diagnoses according to the speech and language pathologists’ assessment; however, 23% of them had problems according to the parental rating on the impairment questions. Conclusion: Most children screening positive for language delay but negative for autism at age 2.5 years were diagnosed with ICD-10 language disorder diagnoses. Parents in about one in four cases reported impairing problems within other developmental areas. Possible explanations for the findings are discussed.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study was supported by grants from the Local Research and Developmental Council and the Swedish Science Council of the VästraGötaland Region, Sweden
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gillberg, Professor Christopher
Authors: Schachinger-Lorentzon, U., Kadesjö, B., Gillberg, C., and Miniscalco, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Publisher:Dove Medical Press
ISSN:1176-6328
ISSN (Online):1178-2021
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Schachinger-Lorentzon et al.
First Published:First published in Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 14:3267-3277
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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