Chronic pain and health-related quality of life in women with autism and/or ADHD: a prospective longitudinal study

Asztély, K., Kopp, S., Gillberg, C. , Waern, M. and Bergman, S. (2019) Chronic pain and health-related quality of life in women with autism and/or ADHD: a prospective longitudinal study. Journal of Pain Research, 12, pp. 2925-2932. (doi: 10.2147/JPR.S212422) (PMID:31695481) (PMCID:PMC6804669)

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the prevalence of chronic pain and its association with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in a group of women, diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and/or attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) in childhood. Patients and methods: Prospective longitudinal 16–19 years follow-up study of 100 Swedish females diagnosed with ASD and/or ADHD in childhood/adolescence. Seventy-seven of the women were included in the current sub-study, using validated measures of pain perception and quality of life. Results: A large majority of the women (76.6%) reported chronic pain. HRQoL was low overall and lower still for those reporting chronic pain. Women with ADHD who had ongoing treatment with stimulants reported a significant lower prevalence of chronic widespread pain (CWP) than those not treated. Conclusion: Comorbidity with chronic pain is common in women with ASD and/or ADHD and important to address in the clinic since it is associated with an already low HRQoL. Treatment for ADHD might reduce the pain in some cases.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by the Healthcare Board, Region Västra Götaland (Hälso- och sjukvårdsstyrelsen) and by the Jane and Dan Olsson Foundation.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gillberg, Professor Christopher
Authors: Asztély, K., Kopp, S., Gillberg, C., Waern, M., and Bergman, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Journal of Pain Research
Publisher:Dove Medical Press
ISSN:1178-7090
ISSN (Online):1178-7090

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