An assessment of chamber 14C methodologies for sampling aquatic CO2 evasion

Billett, M. F., Garnett, M. H. and Leith, F. I. (2020) An assessment of chamber 14C methodologies for sampling aquatic CO2 evasion. Ecohydrology, 13(2), e2191. (doi: 10.1002/eco.2191)

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The development of new methods to directly measure the radiocarbon age of dissolved and evaded aquatic carbon dioxide has enhanced our ability to understand carbon transport and cycling in the soil‐water‐atmosphere system. One of the methods involves collecting enough carbon dioxide for radiocarbon dating by allowing carbon dioxide to outgas from the water surface into an enclosed floating chamber, with the gas subsequently trapped onto a zeolite molecular sieve cartridge. There are, however, several different methodological approaches that can be used for the collection of floating chamber samples and it is currently unknown whether these different approaches influence the isotopic (stable carbon and radiocarbon) composition of the measured sample. Here, we evaluate four different floating chamber approaches and compare the stable and radiocarbon composition of the evaded carbon dioxide. Chamber conditions varied considerably with the different methodologies, with for example, maximum chamber CO2 concentration ranging from ca. 400–6300 ppm during sampling. Despite the varying chamber conditions, our results indicate no significant differences in the 14C age of evasion (range: 1276–1364 years BP) with any of the methodological approaches (in chambers where atmospheric carbon dioxide had been excluded). This confirms the methodologies are both robust and widely applicable.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Radiocarbondating was supported by NERC Radiocarbon Allocation 1733.1013.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Garnett, Dr Mark
Authors: Billett, M. F., Garnett, M. H., and Leith, F. I.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Ecohydrology
ISSN (Online):1936-0592
Published Online:07 January 2020
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2020 John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.
First Published:First published in Ecohydrology 13(2): e2191
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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