The C terminus (amino acids 75-94) and the linker region (amino acids 42-54) of the Ca2+-binding protein S100A1 differentially enhance sarcoplasmic Ca2+ release in murine skinned skeletal muscle fibers

Most, P. et al. (2003) The C terminus (amino acids 75-94) and the linker region (amino acids 42-54) of the Ca2+-binding protein S100A1 differentially enhance sarcoplasmic Ca2+ release in murine skinned skeletal muscle fibers. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 278(29), pp. 26356-26364. (doi:10.1074/jbc.M303338200)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

S100A1, a Ca2+-binding protein of the EF-hand type, is most highly expressed in striated muscle and has previously been shown to interact with the skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release channel/ryanodine receptor (RyR1) isoform. However, it was unclear whether S100A1/RyR1 interaction could modulate SR Ca2+ handling and contractile properties in skeletal muscle fibers. Since S100A1 protein is differentially expressed in fast- and slow-twitch skeletal muscle, we used saponin-skinned murine Musculus extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and Musculus soleus (Soleus) fibers to assess the impact of S100A1 protein on SR Ca2+ release and isometric twitch force in functionally intact permeabilized muscle fibers. S100A1 equally enhanced caffeine-induced SR Ca2+ release and Ca2+-induced isometric force transients in both muscle preparations in a dose-dependent manner. Introducing a synthetic S100A1 peptide model (devoid of EF-hand Ca2+-binding sites) allowed identification of the S100A1 C terminus (amino acids 75-94) and hinge region (amino acids 42 54) to differentially enhance SR Ca2+ release with a nearly 3-fold higher activity of the C terminus. These effects were exclusively based on enhanced SR Ca2+ release as S100A1 influenced neither SR Ca2+ uptake nor myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity/cooperativity in our experimental setting. In conclusion, our study shows for the first time that S100A1 augments contractile performance both of fast- and slow-twitch skeletal muscle fibers based on enhanced SR Ca2+ efflux at least mediated by the C terminus of S100A1 protein. Thus, our data suggest that S100A1 may serve as an endogenous enhancer of SR Ca2+ release and might therefore be of physiological relevance in the process of excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Smith, Professor Godfrey
Authors: Most, P., Remppis, A., Weber, C., Bernotat, J., Ehlermann, P., Pleger, S., Kirsch, W., Weber, M., Uttenweiler, D., Smith, G., Katus, H., and Fink, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Biological Chemistry
Journal Abbr.:J Biol Chem.
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
ISSN:0021-9258
ISSN (Online):1083-351X

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record