Nutrients and ageing: what can we learn about ageing interactions from animal biology?

Stenvinkel, P., Kooman, J. P. and Shiels, P. G. (2016) Nutrients and ageing: what can we learn about ageing interactions from animal biology? Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 19(1), pp. 19-25. (doi:10.1097/MCO.0000000000000234) (PMID:26485336)

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Abstract

Purpose of review: Many prevalent clinical conditions, such as chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary, and cardiovascular disease associate with features of premature ageing, such as muscle wasting, hypogonadism, osteoporosis, and arteriosclerosis. Studies on various animal models have shown that caloric restriction prolongs lifespan. Studies of animals with unusual long or short life for their body size may also contribute to better understanding of ageing processes. The aim of the present article is to review what we can learn about nutritional modulations and ageing interactions from animal biology. Recent findings: Caloric restriction is a powerful intervention that increases longevity in animals ranging from short-lived species, such as worms and flies, to primates. As long-term studies on caloric restriction are not feasible to conduct in humans, much interest has focused on the impact of caloric restriction mimetics, such as resveratrol, on ageing processes. Recent data from studies on the long-lived naked mole rat have provided important novel information on metabolic alterations and antioxidative defense mechanisms that characterize longevity. Summary: Better understanding of the biology of exceptionally long-lived animals will contribute to better understanding of ageing processes and novel interventions to extend lifespan also in humans.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shiels, Professor Paul
Authors: Stenvinkel, P., Kooman, J. P., and Shiels, P. G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins
ISSN:1363-1950
ISSN (Online):1473-6519

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