Aldosterone and ion channels

Valinsky, W. C., Touyz, R. M. and Shrier, A. (2019) Aldosterone and ion channels. In: Litwack, G. (ed.) Aldosterone. Series: Vitamins and hormones. Elsevier, pp. 105-131. ISBN 9780128177822 (doi:10.1016/bs.vh.2018.10.004)

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Abstract

Since its discovery, aldosterone and ion modulation have been entwined. While scientific investigations throughout the decades have emphasized aldosterone's connection to Na+, K+, and H+ homeostasis, more recent research has demonstrated a relationship between aldosterone and Mg2+, Ca2+, and Cl− homeostasis. The mechanisms connecting aldosterone to ion regulation frequently involve ion channels; the membrane localized proteins containing at least one aqueous pore for ion conduction. In order to precisely control intracellular or intraorganelle ion concentrations, ion channels have evolved highly specific regions within the conduction pore that select ions by charge, size, and/or dehydration energy requirement, meaning aldosterone must be able to modulate multiple ion channels to regulate the many ions described above. The list of ion channels presently connected to aldosterone includes ENaC (Na+), ROMK/BK (K+), TRPV4/5/6 (Ca2+), TRPM7/6 (Mg2+), and ClC-K/CFTR (Cl−), among others. This list is only expected to grow over time, as the promiscuity of aldosterone becomes more understood.

Item Type:Book Sections
Status:Published
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Touyz, Professor Rhian
Authors: Valinsky, W. C., Touyz, R. M., and Shrier, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0083-6729
ISBN:9780128177822

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