The local inflammatory response in colorectal cancer – type, location or density? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Alexander, P. G., McMillan, D. C. and Park, J. H. (2020) The local inflammatory response in colorectal cancer – type, location or density? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Cancer Treatment Reviews, 83, 101949. (doi: 10.1016/j.ctrv.2019.101949) (PMID:31869737)

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Introduction: The host anti-tumour inflammatory response is a strong prognostic indicator, and tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are believed to have a complimentary role alongside TNM assessment in dictating future management. However, there is wide disagreement regarding the most efficacious and cost-effective method of assessment. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed of EMBASE, MedLine and PubMed as well as an assessment of references to identify all relevant studies relating to the assessment of the peri-tumoural inflammatory response or TILs and prognosis in colorectal cancer (CRC). A meta-analysis was performed of 67 studies meeting the REMARK criteria using RevMan software. Results: Intratumoural assessment of both CD3 and CD8 in CRC were significant for disease-free survival (DFS) (combined HRs 0.46; 95%CI: 0.39-0.54 and 0.54; 95%CI: 0.45-0.65), as well as overall survival (OS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). The same was true for assessment of CD3 and CD8 at the invasive margin (DFS: combined HRs 0.45; 95%CI: 0.33-0.61 and 0.51; 95%CI: 0.41-0.62). However, similar fixed effects summaries were also observed for H&E-based methods, like Klintrup-Makinen grade (DFS: HR 0.62; 95%CI: 0.43-0.88). Furthermore, inflammatory assessments were independent of MSI status. Conclusion: The evidence suggests that it is the density of a co-ordinated local inflammatory infiltrate that confers survival benefit, rather than any individual immune cell subtype. Furthermore, the location of individual cells within the tumour microenvironment does not appear to influence survival. The authors advocate a standardised assessment of the local inflammatory response, but caution against emphasizing the importance of any individual immune cell subtype.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Park, Mr James and McMillan, Professor Donald and Alexander, Peter
Authors: Alexander, P. G., McMillan, D. C., and Park, J. H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Cancer Treatment Reviews
ISSN (Online):1532-1967
Published Online:11 December 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Cancer Treatment Reviews 83:101949
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a creative commons licence

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