The m531 mutation in CDKN2A is a founder mutation that predominates in melanoma patients with Scottish ancestry

Lang, J., Hayward, N., Goldgar, D., Tsao, H., Hogg, D., Palmer, J., Stark, M., Tobias, E. and Mackie, R. (2007) The m531 mutation in CDKN2A is a founder mutation that predominates in melanoma patients with Scottish ancestry. Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer, 46(3), pp. 277-287. (doi:10.1002/gcc.20410)

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Abstract

Germline mutations in the tumor suppressor gene CDKN2A have been shown to predispose to cutaneous malignant melanoma. The M531 mutation is the most common CDKN2A mutation identified in Scottish melanoma patients and is also found in a small number of families in other countries. The aim of this study was to determine whether the occurrence of this mutation is due to a common ancestor originating from Scotland, and if so, to estimate how long ago the mutation arose. We examined 18 families carrying the M531 mutation: six from Scotland, five from Canada, four from Australia, and three from America. Haplotypes derived from segregation of seven informative microsatellite markers flanking CDKN2A were constructed in each family. Our findings show that 14 of 18 families carry a common ancestral haplotype on which the mutation arose similar to 88 generations ago (I-LOD-unit support interval 44-198 generations). This haplotype is very rare in controls, which supports the idea that it is a common founder mutation haplotype. The four M531 families that do not share the consensus haplotype may in fact have arisen from the same founder, but this is potentially obscured by presumed replication slippage for some of the microsatellite markers tested.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mackie, Professor Rona and Tobias, Professor Edward
Authors: Lang, J., Hayward, N., Goldgar, D., Tsao, H., Hogg, D., Palmer, J., Stark, M., Tobias, E., and Mackie, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
Journal Name:Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1045-2257

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