Quantum-enhanced advanced LIGO detectors in the era of gravitational-wave astronomy

Tse, M. et al. (2019) Quantum-enhanced advanced LIGO detectors in the era of gravitational-wave astronomy. Physical Review Letters, 123(23), 231107. (doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.231107)

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Abstract

The Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) has been directly detecting gravitational waves from compact binary mergers since 2015. We report on the first use of squeezed vacuum states in the direct measurement of gravitational waves with the Advanced LIGO H1 and L1 detectors. This achievement is the culmination of decades of research to implement squeezed states in gravitational-wave detectors. During the ongoing O3 observation run, squeezed states are improving the sensitivity of the LIGO interferometers to signals above 50 Hz by up to 3 dB, thereby increasing the expected detection rate by 40% (H1) and 50% (L1).

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:LIGO was constructed by the California Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology with funding from the National Science Foundation, and operates under Cooperative Agreement No. PHY-0757058. Advanced LIGO was built under Grant No. PHY-0823459. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the Australian Research Council under the ARC Centre of Excellence for Gravitational Wave Discovery, Grant No. CE170100004 and Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities Grant No. LE170100217; the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship under Grant No. 1122374; the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, and the LIGO Scientific Collaboration Fellows program.
Keywords:Gravitational waves, quantum states
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Spencer, Mr Andrew and Toland, Mr Karl and Sorazu Lucio, Dr Borja and Robertson, Professor Norna and Dupej, Mr Peter and Gray, Ms Rachel and Datrier, Ms Laurence and Strain, Professor Kenneth
Authors: Tse, M., Yu, H., Kijbunchoo, N., Fernandez-Galiana, A., Dupej, P., Barsotti, L., Blair, C.D., Brown, D.D., Dwyer, S.E., Effler, A., Evans, M., Fritschel, P., Frolov, V.V., Green, A.C., Mansell, G.L., Matichard, F., Mavalvala, N., McClelland, D.E., McCuller, L., McRae, T., Miller, J., Mullavey, A., Oelker, E., Phinney, I.Y., Sigg, D., Slagmolen, B.J.J., Vo, T., Ward, R.L., Whittle, C., Abbott, R., Adams, C., Adhikari, R.X., Ananyeva, A., Appert, S., Arai, K., Areeda, J.S., Asali, Y., Aston, S.M., Austin, C., Baer, A.M., Ball, M., Ballmer, S.W., Banagiri, S., Barker, D., Bartlett, J., Berger, B.K., Betzwieser, J., Bhattacharjee, D., Billingsley, G., Biscans, S., Blair, R.M., Bode, N., Booker, P., Bork, R., Bramley, A., Brooks, A.F., Buikema, A., Cahillane, C., Cannon, K.C., Chen, X., Ciobanu, A.A., Clara, F., Cooper, S.J., Corley, K.R., Countryman, S.T., Covas, P.B., Coyne, D.C., Datrier, L.E.H., Davis, D., Di Fronzo, C., Driggers, J.C., Etzel, T., Evans, T.M., Feicht, J., Fulda, P., Fyffe, M., Giaime, J.A., Giardina, K.D., Godwin, P., Goetz, E., Gras, S., Gray, C., Gray, R., Gupta, A., Gustafson, E.K., Gustafson, R., Hanks, J., Hanson, J., Hardwick, T., Hasskew, R.K., Heintze, M.C., Helmling-Cornell, A.F., Holland, N.A., Jones, J.D., Kandhasamy, S., Karki, S., Kasprzack, M., Kawabe, K., King, P.J., Kissel, J.S., Kumar, R., Landry, M., Lane, B.B., Lantz, B., Laxen, M., Lecoeuche, Y.K., Leviton, J., Liu, J., Lormand, M., Lundgren, A.P., Macas, R., MacInnis, M., Macleod, D.M., Márka, S., Márka, Z., Martynov, D.V., Mason, K., Massinger, T.J., McCarthy, R., McCormick, S., McIver, J., Mendell, G., Merfeld, K., Merilh, E.L., Meylahn, F., Mistry, T., Mittleman, R., Moreno, G., Mow-Lowry, C.M., Mozzon, S., Nelson, T.J.N., Nguyen, P., Nuttall, L.K., Oberling, J., Oram, R.J., O’Reilly, B., Osthelder, C., Ottaway, D.J., Overmier, H., Palamos, J.R., Parker, W., Payne, E., Pele, A., Perez, C.J., Pirello, M., Radkins, H., Ramirez, K.E., Richardson, J.W., Riles, K., Robertson, N.A., Rollins, J.G., Romel, C.L., Romie, J.H., Ross, M.P., Ryan, K., Sadecki, T., Sanchez, E.J., Sanchez, L.E., Saravanan, T.R., Savage, R.L., Schaetzl, D., Schnabel, R., Schofield, R.M.S., Schwartz, E., Sellers, D., Shaffer, T.J., Smith, J.R., Soni, S., Sorazu, B., Spencer, A.P., Strain, K.A., Sun, L., Szczepańczyk, M.J., Thomas, M., Thomas, P., Thorne, K.A., Toland, K., Torrie, C.I., Traylor, G., Urban, A.L., Vajente, G., Valdes, G., Vander-Hyde, D.C., Veitch, P.J., Venkateswara, K., Venugopalan, G., Viets, A.D., Vorvick, C., Wade, M., Warner, J., Weaver, B., Weiss, R., Willke, B., Wipf, C.C., Xiao, L., Yamamoto, H., Yap, M.J., Yu, H., Zhang, L., Zucker, M.E., and Zweizig, J.
Subjects:Q Science > QB Astronomy
Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Research Group:Institute for Gravitational Research
Journal Name:Physical Review Letters
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
ISSN (Online):1079-7114
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 American Physical Society
First Published:First published in Physical Review Letters 123(3):231107
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
172131Proposal for UK Involvement in the Operation of Advanced LIGOKenneth StrainScience and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)ST/N00003X/1P&S - Physics & Astronomy