Intellectual disabilities, depressive episode, diagnostic criteria and Diagnostic Criteria for Psychiatric Disorders for Use with Adults with Learning Disabilities/Mental Retardation (DC-LD)

Smiley, E. and Cooper, S. (2003) Intellectual disabilities, depressive episode, diagnostic criteria and Diagnostic Criteria for Psychiatric Disorders for Use with Adults with Learning Disabilities/Mental Retardation (DC-LD). Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 47(Suppl.), pp. 62-71. (doi:10.1046/j.1365-2788.47.s1.26.x)

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Abstract

Depressive episode is one of the most common types of psychiatric illness that occurs in adults with intellectual disabilities. Methods A comprehensive literature search was undertaken using Medline, PsychLIT and hand-searching of key journals. This paper reviews the evidence and integrates findings, to report how evidence relates to the development of the new Diagnostic Criteria for Psychiatric Disorders for Use with Adults with Learning Disabilities/ Mental Retardation [DC-LD] depressive episode criteria. Results This area is better researched than many others, providing evidence on clinical symptomatology and presentation. In view of the lack of utility of standard diagnostic criteria developed for use with the general population, and set within the historical context, there are clearly identified reasons for the introduction of DC-LD. The depressive episode category has been informed by the evidence, and field trials showed excellent validity compared with the gold standard of learning disabilities psychiatric assessment. Conclusions The DC-LD depressive episode category may improve clinical diagnosis and facilitate research. Its usefulness and limitations are yet to be determined in detail

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Smiley, Dr Elita and Cooper, Professor Sally-Ann
Authors: Smiley, E., and Cooper, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Clinical Specialities
Journal Name:Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
ISSN:0964-2633

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