The risk of stroke and stroke type in patients with atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease

Mace-Brickman, T., Eddeen, A. B., Carrero, J.-J., Mark, P. B. , Molnar, A. O., Lam, N. N., Zimmerman, D., Harel, Z. and Sood, M. M. (2019) The risk of stroke and stroke type in patients with atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease. Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease, 6, pp. 1-9. (doi: 10.1177/2054358119892372)

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Abstract

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are known to increase the risk of stroke. Objectives: We set out to examine the risk of stroke by kidney function and albuminuria in patients with and without AF. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Settings: Ontario, Canada. Participants: A total of 736 666 individuals (>40 years) from 2002 to 2015. Measurements: New-onset AF, albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR), and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Methods: A total of 39 120 matched patients were examined for the risk of ischemic, hemorrhagic, or any stroke event, accounting for the competing risk of all-cause mortality. Interaction terms for combinations of ACR/eGFR and the outcome of stroke with and without AF were examined. Results: In a total of 4086 (5.2%) strokes (86% ischemic), the presence of AF was associated with a 2-fold higher risk for any stroke event and its subtypes of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. Across eGFR levels, the risk of stroke was 2-fold higher with the presence of AF except for low levels of eGFR (eGFR < 30 mL/min/1.73 m2, hazard ratio [HR]: 1.38, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.99-1.92). Similarly across ACR levels, the risk of stroke was 2-fold higher except for high levels of albuminuria (ACR > 30 mg/g, HR: 1.61, 95% CI: 1.31-1.99). The adjusted risk of stroke with AF differed by combinations of ACR and eGFR categories (interaction P value = .04) compared with those without AF. Both stroke types were more common in patients with AF, and ischemic stroke rates differed significantly by eGFR and ACR categories. Limitations: Medication information was not included. Conclusions: Patients with CKD and AF are at a high risk of total, ischemic, and hemorrhagic strokes; the risk is highest with lower eGFR and higher ACR and differs based on eGFR and the degree of ACR.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Mark, Dr Patrick
Authors: Mace-Brickman, T., Eddeen, A. B., Carrero, J.-J., Mark, P. B., Molnar, A. O., Lam, N. N., Zimmerman, D., Harel, Z., and Sood, M. M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN:2054-3581
ISSN (Online):2054-3581
Copyright Holders:Copyright © The Authors 2019
First Published:First published in Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease 6:1-9
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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