Comparison of the carbon 13-labeled octanoic acid breath test and ultrasonography for assessment of gastric emptying of a semisolid meal in dogs

Dickie, A., McLellan, J., Preston, T., Wyse, C.A. and Yam, P.S. (2004) Comparison of the carbon 13-labeled octanoic acid breath test and ultrasonography for assessment of gastric emptying of a semisolid meal in dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 65(11), pp. 1557-1562.

Dickie, A., McLellan, J., Preston, T., Wyse, C.A. and Yam, P.S. (2004) Comparison of the carbon 13-labeled octanoic acid breath test and ultrasonography for assessment of gastric emptying of a semisolid meal in dogs. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 65(11), pp. 1557-1562.

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Abstract

<b>OBJECTIVE:</b> To compare the rate of gastric emptying of a semisolid meal by use of the carbon 13-labeled octanoic acid breath test (13C-OBT) and gastric emptying ultrasonography (GEU) in dogs.<p></p> <b>ANIMALS:</b> 10 healthy dogs.<p></p> <b>PROCEDURE:</b> Food was withheld from dogs for 12 hours before ingestion of a test meal (bread, egg, and skimmed milk) containing 13C-octanoic acid. The gastric antrum was visualized by use of a 6.5-MHz microconvex transducer, and the area of the ellipse defined by the craniocaudal and ventrodorsal diameters of the stomach was measured. Samples of expired air and antral images were obtained 30 minutes before ingestion of the test meal and then every 15 minutes for 4 hours and every 30 minutes for a further 2 hours. The half-dose recovery time with the 13C-OBT (t1/2[BT]) and the gastric half emtying time with GEU (t50%[GEU]) was calculated.<p></p> <b>RESULTS:</b> Mean +/- SD values for the t1/2(BT) and t50%(GEU) were 3.44 +/- 0.48 hours and 1.89 +/- 0.78 hours, respectively. A significant correlation was detected between the t1/2(BT) and t50%(GEU), although there was a large (1.55 hours) mean difference between these indices.<p></p> <b>CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:</b> Results indicated that there was a correlation between the rate of solid-phase gastric emptying assessed by use of GEU and the 13C-OBT in dogs. Gastric emptying ultrasonography may be a useful, noninvasive method for assessment of the rate of solid-phase gastric emptying in dogs.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:Conference: 45th Annual Congress of the British-Small-Animal-Veterinary-Association Location: BIRMINGHAM, ENGLAND Date: APR, 2002
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Preston, Professor Thomas and Yam, Dr Philippa and Wyse, Dr Cathy
Authors: Dickie, A., McLellan, J., Preston, T., Wyse, C.A., and Yam, P.S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:American Journal of Veterinary Research
ISSN:0002-9645
ISSN (Online):1943-5681

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