The plot thickens: the emerging role of matrix viscosity in cell mechanotransduction

Cantini, M. , Donnelly, H., Dalby, M. J. and Salmeron-Sanchez, M. (2020) The plot thickens: the emerging role of matrix viscosity in cell mechanotransduction. Advanced Healthcare Materials, 9(8), 1901259. (doi: 10.1002/adhm.201901259) (PMID:31815372)

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Abstract

Cell mechanotransduction is an area of intense research focus. Until now, very limited tools have existed to study how cells respond to changes in the extracellular matrix beyond, for example, mechanical deformation studies and twisting cytometry. However, emerging are a range of elastic, viscoelastic and even purely viscous materials that deform and dissipate on cellular length and timescales. This article reviews developments in these materials, typically translating from 2D model surfaces to 3D microenvironments and explores how cells interact with them. Specifically, it focuses on emerging concepts such as the molecular clutch model, how different extracellular matrix proteins engage the clutch under viscoelastic‐stress relaxation conditions, and how mechanotransduction can drive transcriptional control through regulators such as YAP/TAZ.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Salmeron-Sanchez, Professor Manuel and Dalby, Professor Matthew and Donnelly, Miss Hannah and Cantini, Dr Marco
Authors: Cantini, M., Donnelly, H., Dalby, M. J., and Salmeron-Sanchez, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Advanced Healthcare Materials
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:2192-2640
ISSN (Online):2192-2659
Published Online:09 December 2019
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Advanced Healthcare Materials 9(8):1901259
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
173192Engineering growth factor microenvironments- a new therapeutic paradigm for regenerative medicineManuel Salmeron-SanchezEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/P001114/1ENG - Biomedical Engineering
303613Engineered microenvironments to harvest stem cell response to viscosity for cartilage repairMarco CantiniMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/S005412/1ENG - Biomedical Engineering
301095UKRMP2 Acellular/Smart Materials 3D Architecture HubManuel Salmeron-SanchezMedical Research Council (MRC)MMRE_P75176 (MR/R015651/1ENG - Biomedical Engineering