Characterization of mechanical properties of materials using ultrasound broadband spectroscopy

Agrawal, M., Prasad, A. , Bellare, J. R. and Seshia, A. A. (2016) Characterization of mechanical properties of materials using ultrasound broadband spectroscopy. Ultrasonics, 64, pp. 186-195. (doi:10.1016/j.ultras.2015.09.001) (PMID:26387979)

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Abstract

This article explores the characterization of homogenous materials (metals, alloys, glass and polymers) by a simple broadband ultrasonic interrogation method. The novelty lies in the use of ultrasound in a continuous way with very low input power (0 dBm or less) and analysis of the transmitted acoustic wave spectrum for material property characterization like speed of sound, density and dimensions of a material. Measurements were conducted on various thicknesses of samples immersed in liquid where continuous-wave, frequency swept ultrasonic energy was incident normal to the sample surface. The electro-acoustic transmission response is analyzed in the frequency domain with respect to a specifically constructed multi-layered analytical model. From the acoustic signature of the sample materials, material properties such as speed of sound and acoustic impedance can be calculated with experimentally derived values found to be in general agreement with the literature and with pulse-echo technique establishing the basis for a non-contact and non-destructive technique for material characterization. Further, by looking at the frequency spacing of the peaks of water when the sample is immersed, the thickness of the sample can be calculated independently from the acoustic response. This technique can prove to be an effective non-contact, non-destructive and fast material characterization technique for a wide variety of materials.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Prasad, Dr Abhinav
Authors: Agrawal, M., Prasad, A., Bellare, J. R., and Seshia, A. A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Ultrasonics
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0041-624X
ISSN (Online):1874-9968
Published Online:09 September 2015

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